Teknik menjawab SPM Bahasa Inggeris SPM #1. Summary writing

Okay. Dalam posting sebelum ini ada yang bertanya kenapa tulis teknik menjawab SPM untuk subjek English dalam Bahasa Melayu? Bukan lebih releven kalau ditulis dalam English? Sebenarnya audience yang saya rasa akan google dan cari tips sebegini adalah kalangan pelajar lemah dalam subjek English jadi itulah sebab saya bagi tips ini dalam Bahasa Melayu. Boleh? Setuju dengan alasan saya?

Okay, kita mula dengan melihat contoh soalan Paper 2, Section C dibawah;

Section C
[25 marks]
Read this passage and then answer the questions that follow.

When Chelsea went over to her friend, Sharon’s house, she saw her Mend’s four-year-old  brother, Ivan. “Hi,” said Chelsea.
 Ivan looked at Chelsea and said nothing and turned back to his toy.
“1 don’t think your brother likes me.”
 “It’s not your fault,” explained Chelsea. “My brother has autism.”
What is autism? Autism is a development disorder that some people are born with. It is not a disease that you can catch or pass on to somebody. It affects the brain and social skills such as communication and interacting with others.
As a result, autistic people are slow at developing language, instead, preferring to spend time alone and not showing interest in making friends. Another symptom of autism is what experts call “sensory overload.” Sounds seem louder, lights, brighter and smells, stronger. However, not all autistic people are retarded mentally. There are some with average or high intelligence.   
 Autism is not treated like a conventional disease even though medication may be prescribed to control certain symptoms like aggressive behaviour or attention problems. People with autism are taught skills that will help them do things that are difficult for them. The best time to get treatment is when they are very young, as soon as they are diagnosed. This is usually around the ages of one and a half to four. The most effective form of treatment is however, special educational programs that are tailored to the child’s individual needs. The programs involve breaking down barriers to communication using pictures or sign language. Basic language skills such as how to cross a street safely or asking for directions are taught. Treatment might also be a combination of therapies such as speech, physical, musical, occupational, hearing or visual therapies. Sometimes, changes in diet and medication may be necessary.
 By the time they reach their teens, people with autism may be attending regular classes with normal people or attending special classes because of behavioural problems. As’ teenagers, they may interact with others quite differently because their brains process information differently. As a result, they can have trouble talking properly and use gestures instead of words. Some are withdrawn; do not make friends easily and do not react to social cues like a smile or scowl. They often do not make eye contact when you talk to them. Hence, they may find it hard to join a group or an activity. Besides, they might draw back when hugged or they may be startled by a sudden noise.
 As teens, they can also show extremes of behaviour. Some are passive and withdrawn while others are overactive, show tantrums or act aggressively when they are frustrated. This is part of the disorder. Many of them have intellectual limitations and learning problems. They do not know how to express emotions like anger or frustration in acceptable ways, so they are often misunderstood. They have difficult coping with changes and get anxious if their daily routine is changed. In some cases, they might show repetitive motions like rocking or flapping their hands. Although they can feel emotions, they do not express them in the same way as others. As a result, they often come across as cold or unemotional.. Autistic people need a lot of patience and understanding and support from the people around them. This is because they cannot be expected to behave in the same way as normal people.

Question 31  [15 marks]                                                                                                                       
The passage is mainly about the treatment of autism and problems faced by teenagers with autism. Write a summary about:
·         the treatment of autism
·         problems faced by teenagers with autism
    Your summary must
              · use material from lines 16 to 44.
              · not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below.
              · be in continuous writing (not in note form)
    Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Begin your summary as follows:
                  Autism is not treated like a conventional disease even though…..

Kita mulakan tutorial 

Berikut adalah kaedah mudah, namun bukanlah kaedah yang terbaik. Kepada pelajar dengan tahap kopetensi yang tinggi anda boleh gunakan kaedah biasa iaitu scan isi penting dan susun ikut urutan

1. Cari isi di bahagian yang disrahkan sahaja (jika kita rujuk contoh, baris 16 hingga 44)

2. Mulakan summary dengan ayat yang diberi. Scan petikan dan cari dari mana ayat itu dipetik
3. Pilih 10 ayat dengan purata jumlah perkataan 10 - 13 patah perkataan.
4. Copy paste ke dalam summary anda mengikut urutan. Pastikan anda copy paste tanya mengubah apa-apa ditakuti akan lari maksud asal ayat jika anda buat demikian.
5. Susun ayat-ayat tadi dalam satu perenggan sahaja
6. Patikan jumlah perkataan adalah 130. Jangan terlalu sedikit dikhuatiri akan ada isi yang tertinggal

Itu sahaja! Mudah kan? Jadi jangan stress bila membuat summary. Itu adalah soalan yang anda wajib buat.

Selamat menjawab